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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

48                                     FLORA INDICA.                   [Ranunculacea*
We have therefore avoided, in all doubtful cases, identifying the Indian species with
those of other countries, though we think it probahle that, on a revision of the gen.ua
with good materials.* several of then will be found to agree with already known
species. We are satisfied indeed thai the greater part of the described forma will
then be reduced tp a few common types.
The Indian Delphinia are mostly Himalayan, but one or two Persian forms ex-
tend as far east as the Panjab. One has been found in tropical India, bnt not
further south than the northern part of the Siadri mountaios, whence it extends
westwards to Abyssinia. One of the Himalayan species inhabits a very humid cli-
mate, and extends into the higher parte of the Khasia hills, but in general these
plants seem to prefer the drier climates of western India. Several species are alpine,
and these form a very peculiar group, with large half-closed membranous flowers,
remarkable in general for their strong odour of musk, whence the mountaineers
erroneously-suppose that the musk-deer feeds on them, and thereby communicates
the peculiar odour to its glandular secretion.
Sect. 1. CONSOLIDA, DC.—Qmrmm, 1. Petala in unum calca-
ratum coalita.—Species annua. [We omit Delphinium Ajacis,
L, (Wall. Cat. 4720!; W. et A. Prod. i. 4. D. paucifloruni,
W. et A. Prod. i. 4; vix Don) which is only cultivated in
India.]
1. D. camptocarpum (Fisch. et Mey, in Led. Fl. Eoss. i. 58, 37);
caule rigido rainosissimo, foliis trisectis, caulinis sessilibus, segmentis
fere integris,—D. Persicum et Aucheri, £omier! Ann. Sc. Nat. xvi.
362.
HAS.' In montibus Beluchistan supra 5000 ped., Stocks! Afghani-
stan, Griff. No. 13761—(».*.)
DISTIUB. Persia! Asia Caspica!
Radix annua, perpendicularis. Caulis pedalis vel ^-pedalis, ramosissimus, ramis
rigidis divaricatis foliosis, glaber vel incano-puberulus, vel superne breviter viscoso-
pUosus. Folia trisecta: segmenta radicalium tripartita vel trifida, caulinorum sessi-
Uum oblongo-cuneata pollicaria tridentata integrave. Stores longe. racemosi, violacei.
Pedicelli patentee stricti, prope basin bracteolis 2-3 minutis linearibus muniti. Sepafa
oblonga, obtnsa, ^-pollicaria, posticum in calcar cylindricum obtusum rectum adscen-
dens f-pollicare productutu. Petala in corolkm monopetalam 4-ncrvem calcaratam
coalita, calcar cum calcare scpali postici subconforme et in oo inclusum. Folliculus
1 subrecurvus, obtusus, stylo persistcnte coronatus, -transversim rngosus, glaber vel
hii*sutus.
A plant with a very well marked habit, but varying much in degree of pubescence,
and to a certain extent in the length of the fruit. It seems to be widely 'distributed
in the hot deserts of western Asia.
Sect. 2. DELPHINASTEUM, DC.—Ovaria 3-7. Petala 4, postica
calcarata, antica pilosa vel barbata.
, 2. D. pemciUatum (BoissiSr, Ann. Sc. Nat. xvi 369); caule pau-
cifoliato, foliis 5-partitis, segmentis inciso-pmnatifidis lobis linearious,
raceinis elongatis multirtoris sabsimplicibus, pcdicellis flore parvo bre-
viovibus, calcare apice dilatato obtusissimo incurvo.
HAS. In moutibus aridis Indite bor. occ,: Bekichistan, Stocfa, No.
99-i! Panjab prope llawal Pindi, Vwary! Marri, Flewing! Kash-
mir propc Baramula, Wmt.l Batiahal!—(PL Apr. Mai.) (#. r.)